Unfortunately, the exact cause of macular degeneration is still unknown. However, extensive studies have identified risk factors. These include:

  • Age – Most common in seniors

  • Race – Caucasians are more likely to develop AMD compared to other ethnicities

  • Smoking

  • UV exposure

  • Poor nutrition

  • Health and weight


AMD forms without any pain, and because of that it often develops unnoticed for weeks and months. Most people are diagnosed when their optometrist detects it during an eye exam. Symptoms you may notice include:

  • Difficulty assessing details in your central vision, such as recognizing faces or reading text on a screen

  • You’re constantly increasing lighting

  • You find it difficult to read or see effectively in low light situations

  • Noticeable blind spots or “holes” in your central vision